Path to Self-Leadership 2: Self-Effectiveness


Self-efficacy is the cornerstone of leadership. This allows a person to become more decisive and efficient in solving problems. To behave, we must first believe in ourselves. In fact, a leader who is technically suited to business leadership positions but lacks the confidence that comes from self-efficacy will find it difficult to lead others.

Often, self-confidence comes from a lifelong process of developing an inner sense of authority about who you are. He develops by being directly involved in life in a steadfast and courageous way. It requires balancing the external demands of life, work, and family that try to influence who you are and how you act. This is self-efficacy.

Inner authority comes from developing the courage to define who you are and how you relate to people, places, and life experiences. Albert Bandura brought to literature a sense of deep knowledge of this inner authority as self-efficacy.

What is self-efficacy?

According to Bandura, self-efficacy “Faith in one’s ability to organize and execute the necessary action plans to manage contingencies.” In other words, self-efficacy is a person’s belief in their ability to succeed in a particular situation. Bandura identified these beliefs as determinants of how people think, act, and feel.

The role of self-efficacy

Almost all people can identify the goals they want to achieve, the things they want to change, and the things they want to achieve. However, most people also understand that putting these plans into action is not easy. Bandura, on the other hand, found that an individual’s self-efficacy plays an important role in how they are approached, including crises, failed projects, and challenges.

People with high self-efficacy approach difficult tasks as challenges to be overcome rather than threats to be avoided. Such an effective perspective promotes interest and deep immersion in activities. They set challenging goals and show strong commitment to them. They retain the task diagnostic focus that determines efficient performance. In the face of failure, they increase and continue their efforts. They attribute failure to insufficient effort or lack of acquired knowledge and skills. They quickly regain a sense of effectiveness after setbacks or setbacks. They approach dangerous situations with the confidence that they can take them under control. This effective perspective ensures personal success and reduces stress and anxiety.

People with a low sense of self-efficacy in a particular area shy away from challenging tasks that they perceive as a personal threat. Their commitment to goals is weak. They focus on self-diagnosis rather than how to succeed. Faced with difficult tasks, they obsess over their personal shortcomings, obstacles, and all sorts of negativity. They relax their efforts and quickly give up in the face of difficulties. They slowly regain a sense of effectiveness after setbacks or setbacks. They don’t need too many failures to lose faith in their abilities, as they diagnose poor performance as inadequate ability.

How does self-efficacy develop?

These beliefs begin to form in early childhood when children are exposed to a wide variety of experiences, tasks, and situations. However, the development of self-efficacy does not end in adolescence, it continues to develop throughout life as people acquire new skills, experience and understanding.

According to Bandura, there are three main sources of self-efficacy:

  1. Mastery Experience: Bandura through mastery experience as the most effective way to develop a strong sense of competence. The most important component of mastery is that it requires a person to accurately assess what is real and what is imaginary. When you’re under a lot of stress, it’s not always clear what the facts are.
  2. Social Simulation: Seeing other people successfully complete a task is another important source of self-efficacy. Watching people like you succeed through sustained effort, Bandura says, strengthens the observers’ belief that they, too, are capable of mastering similar activities to succeed.
  3. psychological reactionsA: Our own reactions and our emotional responses to situations also play an important role in self-efficacy. Mood, emotional state, physical reactions, and stress levels can affect how a person perceives their personal abilities in a given situation. A person who is very nervous before public speaking may develop a poor sense of self-efficacy in such situations.

Therefore, it is not the intensity of emotional and physical reactions that is important, but how they are perceived and interpreted by a person. People can develop a sense of self-efficacy by learning to minimize stress and elevate their mood when faced with adversity.


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