6 monuments and museums in Germany, where you can see traces of the Holocaust
The Holocaust was the largest and most systematic act of mass murder in history. As a result of this massacre by the Nazis, about 6 million Jews died. The horrific traces of the Holocaust, considered one of the most devastating events in modern history, can be seen in museums, monuments and landmarks in Germany today. Here are the Holocaust related museums and monuments you can visit in Germany…
1. Sachsenhausen concentration camp
The Sachsenhausen concentration camp was used by the Nazis from 1936 to 1945. Its main function was the imprisonment, execution or destruction of Jews, Russian prisoners of war, Dutch freedom fighters and even political dissidents, including some political leaders from the occupied countries … However, the camp was a training center for the SS.
The available data show that the casualties at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp were between 30,000 and 50,000 people. It is also known that many of these people were shot or hanged in a specially arranged room in the infirmary.
The camp was dispersed and burned by Soviet troops in April 1945. However, later it was rebuilt and turned into a museum. Located in the district of Oranienburg, 35 km from Berlin, Sachsenhausen now serves as a monument and museum.
2. Holocaust Memorial
The Holocaust Memorial in Berlin is a mausoleum built to commemorate the millions of Jews who died during the Holocaust. The Holocaust Memorial, designed by American architect Peter Eisenman and British engineering firm Buro Happold, consists of 2,711 concrete blocks spread over an area of 19,000 square meters. Each block has a Talmud page. The monument, whose construction was completed on December 15, 2004, opened its doors to visitors on May 12, 2005.
3. Wannsee Conference House
Haus der Wannsee-Konferenz was where the Nazis planned in detail how to implement the “Final Solution”, their plan to exterminate the Jews in Eastern Europe. The building, which is a chilling document of the systematic process that led to the Holocaust, now serves as a museum. Inside you can see photos of officers and SS officers taken by Adolf Eichmann, one of the greatest mentors of the Final Solution. The building also has a separate section where minutes from that period are on display.
4. Jewish Museum
The Jewish Museum in Berlin is dedicated to two thousand years of German Jewish history. Items, documents, photographs, multimedia presentations and even computer games from different periods of Jewish history and culture are on display in the museum, which occupies an extremely modern building.
The exhibition is organized chronologically and focuses on various topics such as the living conditions of German Jews, the role of Jewish women in life, traditions, change and emancipation. In addition, atrocities experienced during the era of Nazism and the Holocaust are widely reported.
5. Dachau concentration camp
The Dachau concentration camp was the first of the concentration camps set up by the Nazis to imprison or exterminate certain groups. Founded just weeks after Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, the camp was originally intended for political prisoners. However, over time, the scale of the camp expanded and all kinds of prisoners began to be driven here.
The Dachau concentration camp is believed to hold over 200,000 prisoners. The prisoners there were not only subjected to poor conditions, but also used for forced medical experiments. In a camp severely affected by typhus between 1944 and 1945, 15,000 already unhealthy and debilitated prisoners died from the disease. It is estimated that around 41,500 people were deliberately killed and burned to death.
Today, there is a memorial on the territory of the camp in memory of the people who died in the Dachau concentration camp. The monument, located near Munich, can be visited with an audio guide.
The Burgloster in the Lübeck region, also known as the Abbey of Mary Magdalene, is considered one of the most important medieval monasteries in Germany. The building, completed in 1229, served as a monastery until the Protestant Reformation. With the spread of the Reformation in Germany, the building was turned into a house for the poor and a Nazi prison that witnessed horrific atrocities during the reign of Adolf Hitler.
Burgloster, which today is used as a museum, is dedicated to the history of Lübeck as well as the history of the Jewish community. There are exhibits in the museum dedicated to the persecution of the Jewish people during the Holocaust.
So our list of museums about the Holocaust has come to an end. If you are interested in this article, you can also read the following content:
The worst event of the Nazi era: everything you need to know about the Holocaust
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